Addenda and Corrigenda to Aksumite Coinage
Below are listed addenda and corrigenda to the Type Descriptions and Plates in Munro-Hay S.C. and Juel-Jensen B.,
Aksumite Coinage, Spink, 1995 (henceforth AC). Those already published in the Errata in Spink Numismatic Circular,
March 1996, Vol. CIV/2, p.43 are asterisked.
Sometimes AC assigns separate type numbers to what are only die varieties of the same type; to continue
this approach would be impracticable and in such cases a range of type numbers may be given. For additional examples of
gold and silver types see the corpuses in Hahn and Keck 2020; additional examples of copper types will only be listed if the type is very rare.
Early Christian Period (Ezanas to Kaleb)
Type 47 (Ezanas Christian AV): The obv. and rev. legends start at 6:00 (cf. type 49). Juel-Jensen 1998ii
records an early die variety as type 46ix.
Type 49 (Ezana Christian AV): The obv. legend starts at 12:00 and the rev. at 3:00 (cf. type 47).
Add obv. symbols: crescent (West 2004) and crescent and disk (CNG 129/417).
The obv. symbols apostrophe and Greek letter D? are both the Ge'ez R symbol (Spink 27 Jun 2007 /492).
In Comments on the Plates, replace "Type 48" by "Type 49".
Type 50 (Anonymous AR): On Plates replace reference JJ 33 by JJ 23.
Type 52 (Anonymous AE): The obv. legend is retrograde outwards on an example in the author's collection; the rev.
legend is retrograde on one in another English collection (West 2003ii).
Type 53 (Anonymous AE): Add Kölner Münzkabinett Tyll Kroha 43 (Oct 1987) /283, from different dies
(Hahn 2000vi p.297 n. 56), now in the author's collection.
Types 54-8 (Ouazebas AE): Add a variety with the rev. legend on both sides (cf. type 56):
Ashmolean 221 ex Spink 30 Mar 2006 /1094, 2.09g; author's collection, 2.54g; Ebay November 2019, 1.48g. All are from the same dies.
Type 58 (Ouazebas AE): This variety has the normal rev.legend, but starting at 6:00, retaining the cross at 12:00;
Spink 21 Mar 2005 /123 includes this variety and also one with the rev. legend starting at 8:00.
On Plates replace type 54 of JJ 32 by 58.
Types 59-62 (Eon AV): The king's name may be Noe.
The rev. legend of types 61-62 reorders the four elements of the legend of 59-60 in the
order 3 1 4 2; replace "Bisi" by "man of".
Types 64-65 (Anonymous AR and AE): Delete - as noted, these types are forgeries.
Type 66 (Anonymous or Bachasa AR): Hahn 2000vi p.305 suspects this is a modern forgery.
Under Rev., replace translation of legend by "God in everything" (West 1999).
On Plates replace reference JJ 251 by JJ 380.
Type 67 (MHDYS AV): In heading replace "forthcoming" by "1995".
*On Plates replace SMVM by SMM [Staatliche Münzsammlung, Munich].
Type 68 (MHDYS AV): Delete - as noted, this type is a modern forgery.
Type 69 (MHDYS AR): Hahn 2000vi p.305 suspects all examples are modern forgeries.
But add Ashmolean 243 = JJ 534 ex Spink 31 Mar 2005 /124, 1.59g, from different dies without word separators,
obv. a triangle of pellets above the l. cross, rev. cross on cusped stand (Juel-Jensen 2005 as type 68ix).
Type 70 (MHDYS AE): Under Rev., add a variety without the cross before the legend (Munro-Hay 1999
as type 70i), e.g.Ashmolean 249.
Types 71-2 (Ebana AV): Under Obv., add symbol: small bar across left wheat stalk, Spink 29 Jun 2006 /65.
Under Notes, replace "five hundred and thirty eight" by "525".
Type 76 (Anonymous AE): Add an example overstruck obv. on rev. over type 52, in the author's collection.
*In Comments on the Plates, replace (JJ) 325 by (JJ) 321.
New Type 76i (Anonymous AR): As type 76 but in silver, Pedroni 1997 /211, 0.63g (chipped).
Type 79 (Nezana AV): *On Plates replace "79c (JJ 196)" by "79 (JJ 196)".
Type 82 (Nezool AV): Under Obv., add symbol: crescent above ribbon (CNG Triton XVI 8-9 Jan 2013 /1307).
Under Rev., add symbol: Y by chin (Spink 24 Jun 2010 /516).
Type 85 (Ousas AV): Under Obv., add symbols by l. wheat stalk: crescent (al-M. 771-3); gamma? (al-M. 793);
triangle? (al-M. 794). The B symbol is a Ge'ez M and the "<" symbol may be a Ge'ez R.
Under Rev., add a variety with two single pellets after the theta, Morton and Eden 14 Jun 2007 /84.
Type 88 (Ousanas AR): The obv. legend may start at 1:00 (BM 403, MH 109) or 7:00 (BM 404).
Under Rev., BM 403 has the first legend and BM 404 the second.
Type 89 (Ousana AV): Under Obv., add symbol: triangle above crown, Morton and Eden 13 Dec 2005 /441.
New Type 90i (Ousana AV): Similar to type 90, but with inner circles on obv. and rev. (Munro-Hay 2000
as type 90a) from the Anaszewicz collection (USA).
Type 91-6 (Kaleb AV): Under Obv., add symbols: O by left wheat stalk (Ashmolean 357 = Juel-Jensen 2006 no. 1 "95.v",
rev. legend wrongly transcribed); triangle by chin (Gorny and Mosch 10 Mar 2009 /1492).
Type 98-109 (Kaleb AV): Under Obv., add symbol: pellet in circle above crown, Gorny and Mosch 10 Mar 2009 /1493.
On Plates replace type 110 of AA by 106.
Type 110 (Kaleb AV): On Plates the Baldwin and Hahn coins are the same specimen.
Type 111 (Kaleb AR): Under Obv., add a variety with word separators (:) in the Ge'ez legend
"ngs:+:klb" (CNG eAuction 392 1 Mar 2017/652-3).
Type 112 (Kaleb AE): On Plates replace reference BM 411 by BM 413.
Copyright © Vincent West 2008-23
This page is maintained by Vincent West. Last updated 27 Oct 2023