Addenda and Corrigenda to Aksumite Coinage
Below are listed addenda and corrigenda to the Type Descriptions and Plates in Munro-Hay S.C. and Juel-Jensen B.,
Aksumite Coinage, Spink, 1995 (henceforth AC). Those already published in the Errata in Spink Numismatic Circular,
March 1996, Vol. CIV/2, p.43 are asterisked.
Sometimes AC assigns separate type numbers to what are only die varieties of the same type; to continue
this approach would be impracticable and in such cases a range of type numbers may be given. Additional examples of
existing types will only be listed if the type is very rare.
Early Christian Period (Ezanas to Kaleb)
Type 47 (Ezanas Christian AV): The obv. and rev. legends start at 6:00 (cf. type 49). Juel-Jensen 1998ii
records an early die variety as type 46ix.
Type 49 (Ezana Christian AV): The obv. legend starts at 12:00 and the rev. at 3:00 (cf. type 47).
Add obv. symbols: crescent (West 2004) and crescent and disk (CNG 129/417).
The obv. symbols apostrophe and Greek letter D? are both the Ge'ez R symbol (Spink 27 Jun 2007 /492).
In Comments on the Plates, replace "Type 48" by "Type 49".
Type 50 (Anonymous AR): On Plates replace reference JJ 33 by JJ 23.
Type 52 (Anonymous AE): The obv. legend is retrograde outwards on an example in the author's collection; the rev.
legend is retrograde on one in another English collection (West 2003ii).
Type 53 (Anonymous AE): Add Kölner Münzkabinett Till Kroha 43 (Oct 1987) /283, from different dies
(Hahn 2000vi p.297 n. 56).
Types 54-8 (Ouazebas AE): Add a variety with the rev. legend on both sides (cf. type 56):
Ashmolean 221 ex Spink 30 Mar 2006 /1094, 2.09g and author's collection, 2.54g.
Type 58 (Ouazebas AE): This variety has the normal rev.legend, but starting at 6:00, retaining the cross at 12:00;
Spink 21 Mar 2005 /123 includes this variety and also one with the rev. legend starting at 8:00.
On Plates replace type 54 of JJ 32 by 58.
Types 59-62 (Eon AV): The king's name may be Noe.
The rev. legend of types 61-62 reorders the four elements of the legend of 59-60 in the
order 3 1 4 2; replace "Bisi" by "man of".
Types 64-65 (Anonymous AR and AE): Delete - as noted, these types are forgeries.
Type 66 (Anonymous or Bachasa AR): Hahn 2000vi p.305 suspects this is a modern forgery.
Under Rev., replace translation of legend by "God in everything" (West 1999).
On Plates replace reference JJ 251 by JJ 380.
Type 67 (MHDYS AV): In heading replace "forthcoming" by "1995".
*On Plates replace SMVM by SMM [Staatliche Münzsammlung, Munich].
Type 68 (MHDYS AV): Delete - as noted, this type is a modern forgery.
Type 69 (MHDYS AR): Hahn 2000vi p.305 suspects all examples are modern forgeries.
But add Ashmolean 243 = JJ 534 ex Spink 31 Mar 2005 /124, 1.59g, from different dies without word separators,
obv. a triangle of pellets above the l. cross, rev. cross on cusped stand (Juel-Jensen 2005 as type 68ix).
Type 70 (MHDYS AE): Under Rev., add a variety without the cross before the legend (Munro-Hay 1999
as type 70i).
Types 71-2 (Ebana AV): Under Obv., add symbol: small bar across left wheat stalk, Spink 29 Jun 2006 /65.
Under Notes, replace "five hundred and thirty eight" by "525".
Type 76 (Anonymous AE): Add an example overstruck obv. on rev. over type 52, in the author's collection.
*In Comments on the Plates, replace (JJ) 325 by (JJ) 321.
New Type 76i (Anonymous AR): As type 76 but in silver, Pedroni 1997 /211, 0.63g (chipped).
Type 79 (Nezana AV): *On Plates replace "79c (JJ 196)" by "79 (JJ 196)".
Type 82 (Nezool AV): Under Obv., add symbol: crescent above ribbon (CNG Triton XVI 8-9 Jan 2013 /1307).
Under Rev., add symbol: Y by chin (Spink 24 Jun 2010 /516).
Type 85 (Ousas AV): Under Obv., add symbols by l. wheat stalk: crescent (al-M. 771-3); gamma? (al-M. 793);
triangle? (al-M. 794). The B symbol is a Ge'ez M and the "<" symbol may be a Ge'ez R.
Under Rev., add a variety with two single pellets after the theta, Morton and Eden 14 Jun 2007 /84.
Type 86 (Ousas AV): Add: Morton and Eden 13 Dec 2005 /439-40, both 1.53g;
Gorny and Mosch 6 Mar 2007 /1662, 1.37g and 10 Mar 2009 /1491, 1.61g.
Type 87 (Ousanas AV): Add: Ashmolean 346 = JJ 528 ex Morton and Eden 18 April 2002 /40, 1.57g;
USA private collection, 1.63g.
Type 88 (Ousanas AR): The obv. legend may start at 1:00 (BM 403, MH 109) or 7:00 (BM 404).
Under Rev., BM 403 has the first legend and BM 404 the second.
Add two examples in European private collections.
Type 89 (Ousana AV): Under Obv., add symbol: triangle above crown, Morton and Eden 13 Dec 2005 /441.
New Type 90i (Ousana AV): Similar to type 90, but with inner circles on obv. and rev. (Munro-Hay 2000
as type 90a) from the Anaszewicz collection in the USA.
Type 91-6 (Kaleb AV): Under Obv., add symbols: O by left wheat stalk (Ashmolean 357 = Juel-Jensen 2006 no. 1 "95.v",
rev. legend wrongly transcribed); triangle by chin (Gorny and Mosch 10 Mar 2009 /1492).
Type 97 (Kaleb AV): Add: Pedroni 1997 /263, 1.57g; Ashmolean 359 = Juel-Jensen 2006 no. 2 "95.vi", 1.54g,
rev. legend wrongly transcribed.
Type 98-109 (Kaleb AV): Under Obv., add symbol: pellet in circle above crown, Gorny and Mosch 10 Mar 2009 /1493.
On Plates replace type 110 of AA by 106.
Type 110 (Kaleb AV): On Plates the Baldwin and Hahn coins are the same specimen.
Type 111 (Kaleb AR): Under Obv., add a variety with word separators (:) in the Ge'ez legend
"ngs:+:klb" (CNG eAuction 392 1 Mar 2017/652-3).
Type 112 (Kaleb AE): On Plates replace reference BM 411 by BM 413.
Copyright © Vincent West 2008-18
This page is maintained by Vincent West. Last updated 24 Mar 2018